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METAR Reference Chart
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METAR KABC 121755Z AUTO 21016G24KT 180V240 1SM R11/P6000FT -RA BR BKN015 OVC025 06/04 A2990 RMK AO2 PK WND 20032/25 WSHFT 1715 VIS 3/4V1 1/2 VIS 3/4 RWY11 RAB07 CIG 013V017 CIG 017 RWY11 PRESFR SLP125 P0003 60009 T00640036 10066 21012 58033 TSNO $
TYPE OF REPORT METAR: hourly (scheduled) report; SPECI: special (unscheduled) report. METAR
STATION IDENTIFIER Four alphabetic characters; ICAO location identifier. KABC
DATE/TIME All dates and times in UTC using a 24-hour clock; two-digit date and four-digit time; always appended with Z to indicate UTC. 121755Z
REPORT MODIFIER Fully automated report, no human intervention; removed when observer signed-on. AUTO
WIND DIRECTION AND SPEED Direction in tens of degrees from true north (first three digits); next two digits: speed in whole knots; as needed Gusts (character) followed by maximum observed speed; always appended with KT to indicate knots; 00000KT for calm; if direction varies by 60° or more a Variable wind direction group is reported. 21016G24KT

VISIBILITY Prevailing visibility in statute miles and fractions (space between whole miles and fractions); always appended with SM to indicate statute miles; values <1/4 reported as M1/4. 1SM
RUNWAY VISUAL RANGE 10-minute RVR value in hundreds of feet; reported if prevailing visibility is one mile or RVR 6000 feet; always appended with FT to indicate feet; value prefixed with M or P to indicate value is lower or higher than the reportable RVR value. R11/P6000FT
WEATHER PHENOMENA RA: liquid precipitation that does not freeze; SN: frozen precipitation other than hail; UP: precipitation of unknown type; intensity prefixed to precipitation: light (-), moderate (no sign), heavy (+); FG: fog; FZFG: freezing fog (temperature below 0°C); BR: mist; HZ: haze; SQ: squall; maximum of three groups reported; augmented by observer: FC (funnel cloud/tornado/waterspout); TS (thunderstorm); GR (hail); GS (small hail; <1/4 inch); FZRA (intensity; freezing rain); VA (volcanic ash). -RA BR
SKY CONDITION Cloud amount and height: CLR (no clouds detected below 12000 feet); FEW (few); SCT (scattered); BKN (broken); OVC (overcast); followed by 3-digit height in hundreds of feet; or vertical visibility (VV) followed by height for indefinite ceiling. BKN015 OVC025
TEMPERATURE/DEW POINT Each is reported in whole degrees Celsius using two digits; values are separated by a solidus; sub-zero values are prefixed with an M (minus). 06/04
ALTIMETER Altimeter always prefixed with an A indicating inches of mercury; reported using four digits: tens, units, tenths, and hundredths. A2990


TORNADIC ACTIVITY:   Augmented; report should include TORNADO, FUNNEL CLOUD, or WATERSPOUT, time begin/end, location, movement; e.g. TORNADO B25 N MOV E.
TYPE OF AUTOMATED STATION:   AO2; automated station with precipitation discriminator. AO2
PEAK WIND:   PK WND dddff(f)/(hh)mm; direction in tens of degrees, speed in whole knots, and time. PK WND 20032/25
TOWER OR SURFACE VISIBILITY:   TWR VIS vvvvv: visibility reported by tower personnel, e.g., TWR VIS 2; SFC VIS vvvvv: visibility reported by ASOS, e.g. SFC VIS 2
VARIABLE PREVAILING VISIBILITY:   VIS vnvnvnvnvnVv xvxvxvxvx; reported if prevailing visibility is < 3 miles and variable. VIS 3/4V1 1/2
VISIBILITY AT SECOND LOCATION:   VIS vvvvv [LOC]; reported if different than the reported prevailing visibility in body of report. VIS 3/4 RWY11
LIGHTNING:   [FREQ] LTG [LOC]; when detected the frequency and location is reported, e.g. FRQ LTG NE.
VIRGA:   Augmented; precipitation not reaching the ground, e.g. VIRGA
VARIABLE CEILING HEIGHT:   CIG hn hnhnVhxhxhx; reported if ceiling in body of report is < 3000 feet and variable. CIG 013V017
CEILING HEIGHT AT SECOND LOCATION:   CIG hhh [LOC]; Ceiling height reported if secondary ceilometer site is different than the ceiling height in the body of the report. CIG 017 RWY11
PRESSURE RISING OR FALLING RAPIDLY:   PRESRR or PRESFR; pressure rising or falling rapidly at time of observation. PRESFR
SEA-LEVEL PRESSURE:   SLPppp; tens, units, and tenths of SLP in hPa. SLP125
HOURLY PRECIPITATION AMOUNT:   Prrrr; in .01 inches since last METAR; a trace is P0000. P0003
3- AND 6-HOUR PRECIPITATION AMOUNT:   6RRRR; precipitation amount in .01 inches for past 6 hours reported in 00, 06, 12, and 18 UTC observations and for past 3 hours in 03, 09, 15, and 21 UTC observations; a trace is 60000. 60009
24-HOUR PRECIPITATION AMOUNT:   7R24 R24R24R24; precipitation amount in .01 inches for past 24 hours reported in 12 UTC observation. 70015
HOURLY TEMPERATURE AND DEW POINT:   Tsn TaTaTasnT'a T'aT'a; tenth of degree Celsius; sn: 1 if temperature below 0°C and 0 if temperature 0°C or higher. T00640036
6-HOUR MAXIMUM TEMPERATURE:   1sn TxTxTx; tenth of degree Celsius; 00, 06, 12, 18 UTC; sn: 1 if temperature below 0°C and 0 if temperature 0°C or higher. 10066
6-HOUR MINIMUM TEMPERATURE:   2sn TnTnTn; tenth of degree Celsius; 00, 06, 12, 18 UTC; sn: 1 if temperature below 0°C and 0 if temperature 0°C or higher. 21012
24-HOUR MAXIMUM AND MINIMUM TEMPERATURE:    4snTxTxTxsn TnTnTn; tenth of degree Celsius; reported at midnight local standard time; 1 if temperature below 0°C and 0 if temperature 0°C or higher, e.g. 400461006
PRESSURE TENDENCY:   5appp; the character (a) and change in pressure (ppp; tenths of hPa) the past 3 hours. 58033
SENSOR STATUS INDICATORS:   RVRNO: RVR missing; PWINO: precipitation identifier information not available; PNO: precipitation amount not available; FZRANO: freezing rain information not available; TSNO: thunderstorm information not available; VISNO [LOC]: visibility at secondary location not available, e.g., VISNO RWY06; CHINO [LOC]: (cloud-height-indicator) sky condition at secondary location not available, e.g., CHINO RWY06. TSNO
MAINTENANCE CHECK INDICATOR:   Maintenance needed on the system. $
If an element or phenomena does not occur, is missing, or cannot be observed, the corresponding group and space are omitted (body and/or remarks) from that particular report, except for Sea-Level Pressure (SLPppp). SLPNO shall be reported in a METAR when the SLP is not available.

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE - NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION - National Weather Service - Observing Systems Branch, 1325 East-West Highway, Silver Spring, Maryland 20910 METAR\TA


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